Bladder infections have a way of making themselves known. You may be making multiple trips to the bathroom, feeling like you constantly have to go again. But once you’re in there, you may feel burning or stinging every time you pee. That’s the most distinct sign of a bladder infection.
What is a bladder infection?
A bladder infection is a type of urinary tract infection or UTI. This is an infection anywhere in the urinary tract, like the bladder, kidneys, or urethra. Usually, bladder infections are acute, which means that they occur suddenly. They can sometimes be chronic, which means that they recur over a long term.
Bladder infections are caused by bacteria that enter through the urethra and move into the bladder. Normally, the body can remove the bacteria by flushing them out during urination. However, bacteria can sometimes attach to the walls of the bladder and multiply quickly. Infections can occur when bacteria from the stool get onto the skin and enter the urethra. This is common with women since the urethra is short and the outer opening isn’t far from the anus.
Symptoms of Bladder Infections
The symptoms of a bladder infection may vary between people, depending on the severity of the infection. Some common symptoms include:
- Pain or burning while urinating
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Frequent urination
- Foul-smelling urine
- Cramping in the lower abdomen or lower back
Treating and Preventing Bladder Infections
Bladder infections are treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the bladder infection. Your doctor may prescribe medication to help relieve the symptoms associated with the bladder infection.
There are many things that you can do in order to prevent bladder infections, such as:
- Drink six to eight glasses of water daily
- Drink cranberry juice daily
- Urinate as soon as you feel the need, don’t hold it
- Take showers instead of baths
- Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothes
- Avoid using a diaphragm or spermicide
See Your Doctor Today
Don’t live with the pain of a bladder infection any longer. Call your doctor today to schedule an appointment or ask any questions about bladder infections!
Why Would a Hysterectomy Be Necessary?
Do you need a hysterectomy? Hysterectomy is the second most common surgery among women in America. A hysterectomy is a surgical operation to remove a woman's womb, or uterus. The uterus is where a fetus develops when a woman is pregnant. Women undergo a hysterectomy for different reasons. Read on to learn about the conditions that may be treated by hysterectomy.
Cancer- You have invasive cancer of the cervix, uterus, vagina, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. Hysterectomy is often medically necessary and lifesaving when patients are diagnosed with invasive cancer. The procedure may involve removing the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. The type of hysterectomy performed depends on your situation.
Uterine Fibroids- Uterine fibroids are treated by a hysterectomy. Uterine fibroids are benign growths in the uterine wall. In some women, they can cause long-term heavy bleeding and pain. Your doctor may try other procedures, like endometrial ablation or myomectomy, before a hysterectomy.
Heavy Periods- Infection, changes in hormone levels, or cancer can cause heavy periods. Some women lose a large amount of blood during their periods. They may also experience other symptoms, such as stomach cramps and pain. For some patients, the symptoms can have a significant impact on their quality of life. In some cases, removing the uterus may be the only way of stopping heavy or prolonged vaginal bleeding.
Uterine Prolapse- Uterine prolapse, which is a sliding of the uterus from its position into the vaginal canal. If uterine prolapse is severe, your OBGYN might recommend a hysterectomy. Talk with your healthcare provider about all your treatment options to be sure you understand the benefits and risks of each so that you can choose what's best for you.
Endometriosis- Endometriosis occurs when the tissue that lines the uterus grows on other pelvic organs, such as the ovaries. This can cause bleeding between periods and severe pain. While there's no cure for endometriosis, many women undergo a hysterectomy to alleviate intolerable symptoms of the disease.
Today, thanks to advances in technology, a hysterectomy is much less invasive which means a faster recovery time. Talk to your healthcare provider about how a hysterectomy might improve your symptoms. Hysterectomy has improved the lives of millions of people. And it can do the same for you.
If you are having trouble conceiving it’s important to turn to your OBGYN for help.
While it isn’t a topic that a lot of people feel comfortable talking about, at some point, it’s important to acknowledge that you and your partner are having trouble conceiving. Given the significance of the topic, it’s important to know when to see a doctor for an evaluation.
When should I visit an OBGYN?
At some point you may be wondering whether or not you should seek a consultation with a fertility doctor. Here’s when you should,
- If you are under the age of 35, have been trying to conceive, and haven’t used birth control for over 12 months, then it’s time to schedule a consultation
- If you are over 35 and have been trying to actively conceive for six months, you should get evaluated right away
What will happen during my appointment?
Your OBGYN will first want to make sure you are ovulating, which every woman can easily figure out on her own by charting her basal body temperature for a few months. This may provide some answers as to why you are having trouble conceiving.
Fertility testing may also be recommended. During this appointment, we will go through your medical history and talk to you about different tests such as an ultrasound, blood work, and physical exams for both partners, which can provide the information we need to figure out why you are having trouble getting pregnant.
Once testing has been completed we will be able to make a definitive diagnosis as to why you and your partner are having difficulty conceiving. Even if we aren’t able to find anything wrong, you can still receive fertility treatment to improve your chances of getting pregnant.
What are my fertility treatment options?
The most common types of fertility treatments include,
- Medication (to help your body release one or more eggs each month)
- In-vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Surgery (to fix defects, remove fibroids, treat PCOS, etc.)
If you and your partner are having trouble conceiving, it’s best to have these concerns addressed as soon as possible. Many women go on to have healthy, happy babies with the help of their obstetrician. Call your doctor to learn more about the fertility treatment options available to you.
The Importance of a Pap Smear
A pap smear, also known as a Pap test or cervical smear, is a routine procedure done at your gynecologist’s office to detect any irregularities in and on the cervix. The name comes from an abbreviation of the inventor’s name, Greek doctor Georgios Papanikolaou, and this test has been performed since 1923. It is currently the most common form of cervical screening in the United States.
What Are Pap Smears?
Pap smears are procedures done in-office and are performed by a doctor on an exam table. The vaginal opening is expanded with a tool called a speculum, and cells are then collected from the outside of the cervix using a tool called a spatula, which is very different from the one you may have in your kitchen. This procedure only takes a few minutes, and is very important for female health. Some patients report mild cramping during or immediately after the test, but it is usually very brief.
The collected cells are transferred to a glass slide and are examined under a microscope. The reason for this test is to identify any pre-cancerous conditions, most of which are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). These results can usually be used to diagnose other cervical problems and can take a week or two to come back.
A Pap smear is recommended for women to get every three years starting at age 21 until 65, barring any pre-existing conditions or any atypical results; those cases may call for more frequent testing. Regular Pap smears can reduce fatalities caused by cervical cancer very significantly, granted that patients with abnormal results follow their doctors’ treatment recommendations.
Be sure to stay up to date with your Pap smears and call your gynecologist with any questions!
Find out the importance behind visiting us for routine pregnancy checkups.
Once the strip turns pink we know the rush of emotions that you’re experiencing. No matter whether this is your first child or you already have children, finding out you have a new bundle of joy on the way is exciting. Of course, once you find out you’re pregnant it’s important that you have a doctor that you can turn to along the way to make sure both you and your baby are healthy. Here in Brownsville, TX, our OBGYN Dr. J. Gabriel Guajardo provides the comprehensive care you need throughout your pregnancy.
We offer routine pregnancy checkups, as well as individualized and personalized care for women who are dealing with high-risk pregnancies. Our goal as your obstetrician is to make sure that you are getting the proper prenatal care in Brownsville, TX, that you need to experience a healthy and smooth pregnancy.
To do this, the first thing you’ll need to do is schedule an appointment with us as soon as you find out you’re pregnant. During your first prenatal visit, we will go through your medical history and check your vitals (e.g. blood pressure, heart rate, etc). A urine or a blood test will be used to confirm your pregnancy. An ultrasound will allow us to see how far along you are and to determine an approximate due date.
You should have a prenatal visit about every 4 weeks. If you are a high-risk pregnancy then you may need to come in more often. Once you reach month 7, you will come in every two weeks for checkups. During the last month of your pregnancy, you’ll come in once a week.
Each checkup will allow us to monitor the health and development of your unborn baby while also performing the proper tests to make sure that if there is something going on with your health or the health of your baby that the issue is treated right away.
Some of the prenatal services we offer include:
- Routine lab testing
- Prenatal ultrasounds
- Extensive genetic consulting
- Amniocentesis testing
We also provide a variety of ways to manage your specific high-risk pregnancy no matter the cause. Factors that contribute to a high-risk pregnancy include:
- Cervical insufficiency
- Placental issues
- Twins or multiple births
- Prior preterm delivery
- Advanced maternal age
- Pre-existing diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
- High blood pressure (preeclampsia or hypertension)
We are also here to answer any questions you might have about your pregnancy, from you what foods you shouldn’t consume to leading a healthy lifestyle. Don’t be afraid to ask us anything!
Do you think you might be pregnant? Are you looking for an obstetrician who will listen to your needs and provide you with trustworthy care in Brownsville, TX? If so, call our OBGYN office today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Guajardo.
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