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Posts for category: Fertility Treatment

By J. Gabriel Guajardo, M.D.
January 14, 2021
Tags: In-Vitro Fertilization   IVF  

Getting pregnant when you want to is not necessarily easy. If you are having difficulty conceiving, you could be dealing with infertility. Fertility treatments, such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF) could help. Dr. Gabriel Guajardo, the experienced gynecologist at our practice in Brownsville, can discuss fertility treatments, such as IVF, and help you decide on the best option for you.

Causes of Infertility

Infertility is defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as the inability to naturally conceive after attempting to do so through unprotected sex for a period of one year or longer. Female infertility can be caused by several factors, including:

  • Aging
  • Hormone imbalances
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • History of multiple miscarriages
  • Family history of infertility
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis
  • Cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy

Difficulty conceiving is not always due to factors affecting the woman. Various issues or conditions can interfere with male fertility, such as a low sperm count or varicocele, which is a condition in which the scrotum is swollen. Other factors that can affect male fertility include cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy, and a family history of testicular or prostate cancer.

Fertility Evaluations

We perform fertility evaluations to help determine what factors might be interfering with your ability to become pregnant. We recommend coming in for a fertility evaluation if you are age 35 years or younger and have been trying to conceive for one year or are age 35 years or older and have been trying to conceive for six months. Depending on the results of your evaluation, fertility treatment might be recommended. Fertility testing includes:

  • Review of both you and your partner’s medical histories
  • A complete physical examination
  • Pelvic ultrasound and exam
  • Biopsy of the uterine lining
  • Blood tests

In-Vitro Fertilization

We offer several fertility treatments at our office in Brownsville, including IVF which is a type of assisted reproductive technology. IVF involves the retrieval of eggs and sperm from the couple. The eggs and sperm are then taken to a lab for fertilization. After an egg has been successfully fertilized, it can be implanted inside the woman’s uterus. There, the fertilized egg can grown and develop on its own naturally.

During the IVF process, it can take a few weeks or months before egg retrieval is possible. Additionally, it is common to undergo several IVF cycle attempts before becoming pregnant. If an attempt is unsuccessful, it is usually best to until one to two menstrual cycles have passed before beginning another IVF cycle.

It is also important to avoid smoking, drinking alcohol, taking herbal supplements, or engaging in intense exercise or physical activities during the IVF process. The doctor might also advise you to stop taking certain prescription or over-the-counter medications.

If you are struggling with infertility, IVF could help you finally become pregnant. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Guajardo to discuss IVF and other fertility treatments by calling our office in Brownsville at (956) 350-4821.

By J. Gabriel Guajardo, M.D.
February 28, 2017

More couples are turning to IVF (in vitro fertilization) to conceive children than ever before. According to theSociety for Assisted Reproductive Technology, as many as 1.5% of all children born in the United States are the result of in vitro fertilization. Across the country, OBGYNs are delivering over 60,000 babies conceived through IVF since 2012. As technology improves and the In Vitro Fertilizationaverage age of new parents increases from previous generations, more and more would-be parents are relying on the procedure to start or add to their families.

How Does IVF Work?

The first step is usually to schedule a comprehensive exam and check up with an OBGYN. There are several steps to the process once a couple is determined to be a good candidate for conception through IVF. In vitro fertilization works by retrieving mature eggs from the ovaries, and fertilizing them with the sperm in a lab. Once the egg has been fertilized successfully, it is then implanted into the uterus. Because the causes for infertility are complex and vary from person to person, there are several variables to IVF treatment. In addition to using their own eggs and sperm, couples may also rely on donor eggs or sperm, or the use of a gestational carrier who carries the embryo to term and gives birth to the baby for the IVF client.

How Long Does the IVF Process Take?

The duration of one IVF cycle from retrieval of the eggs to fertilization and implantation generally takes about two weeks. It is difficult to predict whether an individual IVF cycle will be successful, and multiple cycles are often necessary.

Who is a Good Candidate for IVF?

The causes for infertility can be complex, and vary from person to person. Candidates for IVF are typically in good general health, with unsuccessful attempts to conceive for at least a year. In vitro fertilization can be expensive and may require multiple cycles to produce a viable pregnancy. An OBGYN might also recommend IVF in certain situations where fertility may be compromised due to:

  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
  • Problems with ovulation
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Sperm abnormalities or low motility
  • Genetic disorders
  • Egg/embryo preservation for women undergoing cancer treatment that can compromise fertility and egg viability
How Many Fertilized Eggs are Implanted During an IVF Cycle?
 
Multiple fertilized eggs are typically implanted to increase the odds of success, which also increases the likelihood of multiple births from one pregnancy. Each case is different, but the number of fertilized eggs implanted usually increases with the patient's age, ranging from one to three eggs per cycle.